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Node.js - PostgreSQL ALTER TABLE - Add column

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Created by:
Brian-Tompset
431

In this article, we would like to show you how to add a column to the existing table by ALTER TABLE in the Postgres database using Node.js.

MySQL - example data used with ALTER TABLE statement
Data used in the example - HeidiSQL

Note: at the end of this article you can find database preparation SQL queries.

const { Client } = require('pg');

const client = new Client({
    host: '127.0.0.1',
    user: 'postgres',
    database: 'database_name',
    password: 'password',
    port: 5432,
});

const addColumn = async () => {
	const query = `ALTER TABLE "users"
				   ADD "email" VARCHAR(255);`;
    try {
        await client.connect();    // gets connection
        await client.query(query); // sends query
    } catch (error) {
        console.error(error.stack);
    } finally {
        await client.end();        // closes connection
    }
};

addColumn(); 

Result: 

MySQL - ALTER TABLE result in HeidiSQL
Postgres - ALTER TABLE results in HeidiSQL

Database preparation

create_tables.sql file:

CREATE TABLE "users" (
	"id" SERIAL,
	"name" VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	"surname" VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	"department_id" INTEGER,
    "salary" DECIMAL(15,2) NOT NULL,
	PRIMARY KEY ("id")
);

insert_data.sql file:

INSERT INTO "users"
	( "name", "surname", "department_id", "salary")
VALUES
	('John', 'Stewart', 1, '3512.00'),
	('Chris', 'Brown', 2, '1344.00'),
	('Kate', 'Lewis', 3, '6574.00'),
	('Ailisa', 'Gomez', NULL, '6500.00'),
	('Gwendolyn', 'James', 2, '4200.00'),
	('Simon', 'Cousersllins', 4, '3320.00'),
	('Taylor', 'Martin', 2, '1500.00'),
	('Andrew', 'Thompson', NULL, '2100.00');

Native SQL query (used in the above example):

ALTER TABLE `users`
ADD `email` VARCHAR(255);

Node.js - PostgreSQL

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