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MS SQL Server - WHERE clause

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In this article, we would like to show you how to use WHERE clause in MS SQL Server.

Quick solution:

SELECT [column1], [column2], ...
FROM [table_name]
WHERE condition;

Practical example

To show how the WHERE clause works, we will use the following table:

MS SQL Server - example data used with WHERE clause
MS SQL Server - example data used with WHERE clause

Note:

At the end of this article you can find database preparation SQL queries.

Example 1

In this example, we will display information about every user whose salary is greater than 3000.

Query:

SELECT * FROM [users] WHERE [salary] > 3000;

Output:

MS SQL Server - SELECT with WHERE clause result
MS SQL Server - SELECT with WHERE clause result

Example 2

In this example, we will display information about every user whose name is John.

Query:

SELECT * FROM [users] WHERE [name] = 'John';

Output:

MS SQL Server - SELECT with WHERE clause result
MS SQL Server - SELECT with WHERE clause result

Note:

MS SQL Server requires single or double quotes ('text'/"text") around text values.

Database preparation

create_tables.sql file:

CREATE TABLE [users] (
	[id] INT IDENTITY(1,1),
	[name] VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	[surname] VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	[department_id] INT,
    [salary] DECIMAL(15,2) NOT NULL,
	PRIMARY KEY ([id])
);

insert_data.sql file:

INSERT INTO [users]
	( [name], [surname], [department_id], [salary])
VALUES
	('John', 'Stewart', 1, '3512.00'),
	('Chris', 'Brown', 2, '1344.00'),
	('Kate', 'Lewis', 3, '6574.00'),
	('Ailisa', 'Gomez', NULL, '6500.00'),
	('Gwendolyn', 'James', 2, '4200.00'),
	('Simon', 'Collins', 4, '3320.00'),
	('Taylor', 'Martin', 2, '1500.00'),
	('Andrew', 'Thompson', NULL, '2100.00');

MS SQL Server

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