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Java - append text to existing file

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Created by:
Brian-Tompset
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In this article, we would like to show you how to append text to an existing file in Java.

Below examples present how to append text into the file using the following solutions:

  • Files.write¬†(append¬†single line - Java 7, multiple lines - Java 8),
  • Files.writeString¬†(Java 11),
  • FileWriter,
  • FileOutputStream.

 

1. Files.write

In the below examples, we use Files.write to append some text at the end of the existing example.txt file.

1.1 Append single line

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        Path path = Paths.get("C:\\path\\example.txt");
        String string = "Dirask is awesome!\n";

        Files.write(path, string.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8),
                StandardOpenOption.CREATE,
                StandardOpenOption.APPEND);
    }
}

The result after three executions:

Java - append text to an existing file using Files.write - result
Java - append text to an existing file using Files.write - result

1.2 Append multiple lines

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        Path path = Paths.get("C:\\path\\example.txt");
        List<String> text = new ArrayList<>();

        text.add("line 1");
        text.add("line 2");
        text.add("line 3");

        Files.write(path, text,
                StandardOpenOption.CREATE,
                StandardOpenOption.APPEND);
    }
}

The result after one execution:

Java - append text to an existing file using Files.write - result
Java - append text to an existing file using Files.write - result

2. Files.writeString

In the below examples, we use Files.writeString to append some text at the end of the existing example.txt file.

Note:

In Java 7 with Files.write() method, we need to convert a String into a byte[] and then write or append it to a file.

With Java 11 File.writeString() method we can directly write or append the string into the file. 

Practical example: 

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        Path path = Paths.get("C:\\path\\example.txt");
        String text = "Dirask is awesome!";

        Files.writeString(path, text,
                StandardOpenOption.CREATE,
                StandardOpenOption.APPEND);
    }
}

Result:

Java - append text to an existing file using Files.writeString - result
Java - append text to an existing file using Files.writeString - result

3. FileWriter

In the below examples, we use FileWriter to append some text at the end of the existing example.txt file.

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        File file = new File("C:\\path\\example.txt");
        List<String> text = new ArrayList<>();
        text.add("line 1");
        text.add("line 2");
        text.add("line 3");

        try (FileWriter fw = new FileWriter(file, true);
             BufferedWriter bw = new BufferedWriter(fw)) {

            for (String s : text) {
                bw.write(s);
                bw.newLine();
            }
        }
    }
}

The result after one execution:

Java - append text to an existing file using FileWriter - result
Java - append text to an existing file using FileWriter - result

4. FileOutputStream

In the below examples, we use FileWriter to append some text at the end of the existing example.txt file.

import java.io.*;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        File file = new File("C:\\path\\example.txt");
        String text = "Dirask is awesome!\n";

        try (FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(file, true)) {
            fos.write(text.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
        }
    }
}

Result:

Java - append text to an existing file using FileOutputStream - result
Java - append text to an existing file using FileOutputStream - result

Note:

Append mode of FileOutputStream works the same as FileWriter.

Java - file operations

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