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TypeScript - enum type

5 points
Created by:
Bess
441

In TypeScript it is possible to create enum type in following ways.

1. Automatic numeric enum members example

enum Color
{
    Red,   // 0
    Green, // 1
    Blue   // 2
}

let blue : Color = Color.Blue;

console.log(Color.Red);
console.log(Color.Green);
console.log(blue);

Output:

0
1
2

2. Computed and constant enum members example

enum Mode
{
    Read = 1 << 1,
    Write = 1 << 2,
    Both = Read | Write
}

let read : Mode = Mode.Read;

console.log(read);
console.log(Mode.Write);
console.log(Mode.Both);

Output:

2
4
6

3. Assigned numeric enum members example - auto counting

enum Value
{
    Two = 2,
    Three, // 3
    Four,  // 4
    Six = 6,
    Seven  // 7
}

let two : Value = Value.Two;

console.log(two);
console.log(Value.Three);
console.log(Value.Seven);

Output:

2
3
7

4. String enum members example

enum Pet {
    Dog = 'Dog',
    Cat = 'Cat',
    Rabbit = 'Rabbit'
}

let dog : Pet = Pet.Dog;

console.log(dog);
console.log(Pet.Cat);
console.log(Pet.Rabbit);

Output:

Dog
Cat
Rabbit

5. Generating logic enum members example

let counter = 0;

enum Key {
    A = counter *= 2,
    B = counter *= 2,
    C = counter *= 2
}

let a : Key = Key.A;

console.log(a);
console.log(Key.B);
console.log(Key.C);

Output:

1
2
3

6. Heterogeneous enum members example - strings + numbers

enum Mix {
    Drink = 1,
    Food = 2,

    Sweet = '1/3',
    Normal = '2/3',
    Sour = '3/3'
}

let drink : Mix = Mix.Drink;

console.log(drink);
console.log(Mix.Sweet);
console.log(Mix.Sour);

Output:

1
1/3
3/3

7. References

  1. Enums - Microsoft Docs
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