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Java - check if string contains only digits

12 points
Created by:
Joshua-Heath
475

In this article, we would like to show you how in Javacheck if a string contains only digits.

Quick solution:

// import java.util.regex.Matcher;
// import java.util.regex.Pattern;

Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile("\\d+");    // or "[0-9]+"
Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher("123456");

System.out.println(matcher.matches());        // true  <---- because "123456" contains only numbers

 

Below we present 2 methods that check if a string contains only numbers:

  1. Using regular expressions
  2. Using the Character.isDigit() method

1. Using regular expressions

In Java, the Matcher class and the Pattern class are most often used to operate on regular expressions. The isOnlyDigits method returns true if the string contains only numbers otherwise it returns false.

import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

public class StringExample {

    private static final Pattern DIGITS_PATTERN = Pattern.compile("\\d+"); // or "[0-9]+"

    public static boolean containsOnlyDigits(String text) {
        Matcher matcher = DIGITS_PATTERN.matcher(text);
        return matcher.matches();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        System.out.println(containsOnlyDigits("123456"));               // true
        System.out.println(containsOnlyDigits("1234Sample text..." ));  // false
    }
}

 Output: 

true
false

Note: 

The matches method matches the entire string (not fragments), so there is no need to use ^ and $ in the regular expression.

2. Using Character.isDigit() method

In the solution below, we will convert a string to an array of characters, then go through it and check if each character is a number.

public class StringExample {

    public static boolean containsOnlyDigits(String text) {
        for (char entry : text.toCharArray()) {
            if (!Character.isDigit(entry)) {
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        System.out.println(containsOnlyDigits("123456"));              // true
        System.out.println(containsOnlyDigits("1234Sample text..."));  // false
    }
}

Output:

true
false

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Java - check if string contains only digits
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