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jQuery - parent and children functions example

14 points
Created by:
Elmer-Li
516

In this article, we would like to show you how to traverse elements using jQuery.

1. parent method example

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
  <style>

    div { padding: 5px; }

    #my-parent { border: 3px solid red; }
    #my-element { border: 3px solid blue; }

  </style>
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.0.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="my-parent">
    <div id="my-element">My element...</div>
  </div>
  <script>

    $(document).ready(function() {
        var element = $('#my-element');
      	var parent = element.parent(); // element.parent('div'); // 'div' as selector

      	parent.css('border-width', '10px');
    });

  </script>
</body>
</html>

2. children method example

2.1. All children's example

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
  <style>

    div {
      	margin: 5px;
        padding: 5px;
    }

    #my-element { border: 3px solid blue; }

    .level-1 {  border: 3px solid red; }
    .level-2 { border: 3px solid orange; }

  </style>
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.0.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="my-element">
    <div class="level-1">
	  <div class="level-2">Child 1-1</div>
      <div class="level-2">Child 1-2</div>
      <div class="level-2">Child 1-3</div>
    </div>
    <div class="level-1">
	  <div class="level-2">Child 2-1</div>
      <div class="level-2">Child 2-2</div>
      <div class="level-2">Child 2-3</div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <script>

    $(document).ready(function() {
        var element = $('#my-element');
      	var children = element.children();

      	children.css('border-width', '15px');

      	children.each(function(index, element) {
        	var subChildren = $(element).children();

          	subChildren.css('border-style', 'dashed');
        });
    });

  </script>
</body>
</html>

2.2. Filtered children example

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
  <style>

    div {
      	margin: 5px;
        padding: 5px;
    }

    #my-element { border: 3px solid blue; }

    .level-1 {  border: 3px solid red; }
    .level-2 { border: 3px solid orange; }

  </style>
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.0.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="my-element">
    <div class="level-1">
	  <div class="level-2 type-1">Child 1-1</div>
      <div class="level-2 type-2">Child 1-2</div>
      <div class="level-2 type-1">Child 1-3</div>
    </div>
    <div class="level-1">
	  <div class="level-2 type-2">Child 2-1</div>
      <div class="level-2 type-1">Child 2-2</div>
      <div class="level-2 type-1">Child 2-3</div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <script>

    $(document).ready(function() {
        var element = $('#my-element');
      	var children = element.children();

      	children.css('border-width', '15px');

      	children.each(function(index, element) {
          	var child = $(element);

        	var subChildren1 = child.children('.type-1');
          	var subChildren2 = child.children('.type-2');

          	subChildren1.css('border-style', 'dashed');
          	subChildren2.css('border-style', 'double');
        });
    });

  </script>
</body>
</html>

Alternative titles

  1. jQuery - how to use parent and children functions example
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