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Where should I put @Bean in Spring Boot?

13 points
Created by:
Marcin
15740

This article describes solution of problem, where to put @Bean function using Spring Boot. The preferred way of keeping beans is class annotated with @Configuration. Below source codes show simple bean location examples.

1. Bean location tempalte

In this section default approach for creating beans is presented. It is recommended to look on next point that contains practical example.

ServerConfig class is annoted with @Configuration, beanName() function is annoted with @Bean, The best location for ServerConfig class is package that contains class with main() function, that runs all application - SpringApplication.run(....class, args) call.

Note: ServerConfig class name can be replaced with any other class name.

package my.projest.package;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class ServerConfig {

    @Bean
    public ConfigurationClass beanName() {
        ConfigurationClass configuration = new ConfigurationClass();

        // setting configuration...

        return configuration;
    }
}

2. Web server factory bean example

In this section web server factory bean location is presented. This configuration is used by Spring Boot 2 to change default port, but the bean can be changed with any configuration with @Bean annotation.

ServerConfig.java file:

package com.dirask.examples;

import org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.server.ConfigurableServletWebServerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class ServerConfig {

    @Bean
    public ConfigurableServletWebServerFactory webServerFactory() {
        TomcatServletWebServerFactory factory = new TomcatServletWebServerFactory();

        factory.addConnectorCustomizers(connector -> {
            connector.setPort(80);
        });

        return factory;
    }
}

ServerConfig.java file location:

Server port with ServerConfig.java file location - Spring Boot 2.x.x + IntelliJ
Server port with ServerConfig.java file location - Spring Boot 2.x.x + IntelliJ
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