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SVG - create reusable component in pure HTML

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Created by:
Root-ssh
75530

In this short article we would like to show how to create reusable SVG component in pure HTML.

HTML5 intorduced JavaScript API that let us create own custom components. There are available some libraries (Polymer, React, etc.) and frameworks (Angualr, VUE, etc.) that let us to build components, but it requires additional source code or tools.

This article shows how to make it in pure HTML when we work with SVG graphics.

Quick solution:

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<body>
  <!-- Component definition -->
  <svg style="display: none">
    <symbol viewBox="0 0 512 512" id="my-component">
      <path fill="currentColor" d="M466.27 286.69C475.04 271.84 480 256 480 236.85c0-44.015-37.218-85.58-85.82-85.58H357.7c4.92-12.81 8.85-28.13 8.85-46.54C366.55 31.936 328.86 0 271.28 0c-61.607 0-58.093 94.933-71.76 108.6-22.747 22.747-49.615 66.447-68.76 83.4H32c-17.673 0-32 14.327-32 32v240c0 17.673 14.327 32 32 32h64c14.893 0 27.408-10.174 30.978-23.95 44.509 1.001 75.06 39.94 177.802 39.94 7.22 0 15.22.01 22.22.01 77.117 0 111.986-39.423 112.94-95.33 13.319-18.425 20.299-43.122 17.34-66.99 9.854-18.452 13.664-40.343 8.99-62.99zm-61.75 53.83c12.56 21.13 1.26 49.41-13.94 57.57 7.7 48.78-17.608 65.9-53.12 65.9h-37.82c-71.639 0-118.029-37.82-171.64-37.82V240h10.92c28.36 0 67.98-70.89 94.54-97.46 28.36-28.36 18.91-75.63 37.82-94.54 47.27 0 47.27 32.98 47.27 56.73 0 39.17-28.36 56.72-28.36 94.54h103.99c21.11 0 37.73 18.91 37.82 37.82.09 18.9-12.82 37.81-22.27 37.81 13.489 14.555 16.371 45.236-5.21 65.62zM88 432c0 13.255-10.745 24-24 24s-24-10.745-24-24 10.745-24 24-24 24 10.745 24 24z"/>
    </symbol>
  </svg>
  <div>
    <!-- Component usage -->
    <svg style="width: 60px; height: 60px; color: red;">
      <use href="#my-component" />
    </svg>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

Note: display: none hides svg element that stores only component definitions.

Multiple components

To use many components in same time we are able to create multiple symbols inside svg element. One symbol represents simgle reusable element.

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<body>
  <!-- Component definitions -->
  <svg style="display: none">
    <symbol viewBox="0 0 512 512" id="my-component-1">
      <path fill="currentColor" d="M466.27 286.69C475.04 271.84 480 256 480 236.85c0-44.015-37.218-85.58-85.82-85.58H357.7c4.92-12.81 8.85-28.13 8.85-46.54C366.55 31.936 328.86 0 271.28 0c-61.607 0-58.093 94.933-71.76 108.6-22.747 22.747-49.615 66.447-68.76 83.4H32c-17.673 0-32 14.327-32 32v240c0 17.673 14.327 32 32 32h64c14.893 0 27.408-10.174 30.978-23.95 44.509 1.001 75.06 39.94 177.802 39.94 7.22 0 15.22.01 22.22.01 77.117 0 111.986-39.423 112.94-95.33 13.319-18.425 20.299-43.122 17.34-66.99 9.854-18.452 13.664-40.343 8.99-62.99zm-61.75 53.83c12.56 21.13 1.26 49.41-13.94 57.57 7.7 48.78-17.608 65.9-53.12 65.9h-37.82c-71.639 0-118.029-37.82-171.64-37.82V240h10.92c28.36 0 67.98-70.89 94.54-97.46 28.36-28.36 18.91-75.63 37.82-94.54 47.27 0 47.27 32.98 47.27 56.73 0 39.17-28.36 56.72-28.36 94.54h103.99c21.11 0 37.73 18.91 37.82 37.82.09 18.9-12.82 37.81-22.27 37.81 13.489 14.555 16.371 45.236-5.21 65.62zM88 432c0 13.255-10.745 24-24 24s-24-10.745-24-24 10.745-24 24-24 24 10.745 24 24z"/>
    </symbol>
    <symbol viewBox="0 0 576 512" id="my-component-2">
      <path fill="currentColor" d="M528.1 171.5L382 150.2 316.7 17.8c-11.7-23.6-45.6-23.9-57.4 0L194 150.2 47.9 171.5c-26.2 3.8-36.7 36.1-17.7 54.6l105.7 103-25 145.5c-4.5 26.3 23.2 46 46.4 33.7L288 439.6l130.7 68.7c23.2 12.2 50.9-7.4 46.4-33.7l-25-145.5 105.7-103c19-18.5 8.5-50.8-17.7-54.6zM388.6 312.3l23.7 138.4L288 385.4l-124.3 65.3 23.7-138.4-100.6-98 139-20.2 62.2-126 62.2 126 139 20.2-100.6 98z"/>
    </symbol>
  </svg>
  <!-- Component usages -->
  <div>
    <svg style="width: 60px; height: 60px; color: red;">
      <use href="#my-component-1" />
    </svg>
    <svg style="width: 60px; height: 60px; color: blue;">
      <use href="#my-component-1" />
    </svg>
  </div>
  <div>
    <svg style="width: 60px; height: 60px; color: red;">
      <use href="#my-component-2" />
    </svg>
    <svg style="width: 60px; height: 60px; color: blue;">
      <use href="#my-component-2" />
    </svg>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

 

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