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Python - generate random string of size n characters

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Created by:
Haris65
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In this article, we would like to show you how to generate a random string of size n characters in Python.

Quick solution:

import string
from random import choice

N = 10
group = string.ascii_letters + string.digits

print("".join(choice(group) for i in range(N)))  # 2C9foB1rbe

 

Practical example

In this example, we generate a random string consisting of letters (uppercase & lowercase) and digits.

import string
from random import choice

N = 10
group = string.ascii_letters + string.digits

print("".join(choice(group) for i in range(N)))  # 7ZTmrwjEwV

Output:

7ZTmrwjEwV

Explanation

In this section, we want to explain step by step how to generate random strings in Python.

  1. Choose from which group of characters you want to generate the random string. You can choose the group from the Character groups section below. Join them using + operator.
  2. Use choice() function from random module with all the character groups.
  3. Repeat character selection specified number of times (N) using for loop.
  4. Join all characters to the empty string ("") using join() method.

Character groups

You can choose the character groups from which you would like to get the characters.

  • string.ascii_letters
  • string.ascii_lowercase
  • string.ascii_uppercase
  • string.letters
  • string.lowercase
  • string.uppercase
  • string.digits
  • string.hexdigits
  • string.octdigits
  • string.punctuation
  • string.printable
  • string.whitespace

Note:

You can choose multiple groups using + operator. 

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Python - generate random string of size n characters
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