Node.js - convert image to base64

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In this article, we would like to show you how to convert image to base64 in Node.js.

1. Import fs module

const fs = require('fs');

2. Use:

  •  fs.readFileSync() to read the data from file
  • toString() method with specified 'base64' argument to receive base64 encoded string.

Practical example

In this example, we create a reusable function that converts image to base64 encoded string.

const fs = require('fs');

// relative path to the img
const filePath = './img.jpg';

// reusable arrow function to encode file data to base64 encoded string
const convertBase64 = (path) => {
  // read binary data from file
  const bitmap = fs.readFileSync(path);
  // convert the binary data to base64 encoded string
  return bitmap.toString('base64');

// Usage example
const result = convertBase64('img.jpg');


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