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JavaScript - own url builder

3 points
Created by:
Root-ssh
151280

In this short article, we would like to show how to create a custom URL builder in JavaScript.

It is problematic when we make some operations on URLs that each time force us to write some code that encodes and combines parameters together - the solution is to use URL class or write own simple custom class what was presented in the below example.

Note: to see TypeScript version go to this article.

Warning: below source code uses Object.entries() function that was introduced in ES2017 - do not forget to polyfill source code.

Practical example:

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

function UrlBuilder(prefix) {
  	let cache = null;
  	const parameters = {};
  	this.getParameter = function(name, defaultValue) {
    	return parameters[name] ?? defaultValue;
    };
	this.setParameter = function(name, value) {
      	const parameter = parameters[name];
      	if (parameter == value) {
          	return;
        }
      	cache = null;
        if (value == null) {
          	delete parameters[name];
        } else {
          	parameters[name] = String(value);
        }
    };
  	this.toString = function() {
    	if (cache == null) {
        	let url = '';
          	const entries = Object.entries(parameters);
          	for (const entry of entries) {
                const name = encodeURIComponent(entry[0]);
                const value = encodeURIComponent(entry[1]);
                url += (url ? '&' : '?') + name + '=' + value;
            }
          	cache = prefix + url; 
        }
      	return cache;
    };
}
  
// Usage example:
  
const builder = new UrlBuilder('https://domain.com/page');
  
builder.setParameter('preview', true);
builder.setParameter('user', 'john');
builder.setParameter('age', 20);

console.log(builder.toString()); // https://domain.com/page?preview=true&user=john&age=20

builder.setParameter('preview', null);
builder.setParameter('user', null);
  
console.log(builder.toString()); // https://domain.com/page?age=20

See also

  1. TypeScript - own url builder 

Alternative titles

  1. JavaScript - custom url builder
  2. JavaScript - custom simple url builder
  3. JavaScript - own simple url builder
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