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JavaScript - list of most popular languages with codes, english names and associated country flags

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In this article, we would like to present simple JavaScript version of list for most popular languages with codes, english names and associated flags. Some languages doesn't have country flags so it is necessary to use dedicated language flag.

In below code, when flag property starts with:

  • country- - it means we can use country flag to represent language (last 2 letters represent ISO 3166 country code, that full list as JavaScript class can be found here),
  • language- - it means there should be used unique flag that represents language.

Language list object example:

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

var Languages = new function() {

	// https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Nominatim/Country_Codes

    var list = [
        { name: 'Afar',            code: 'aa', flag: 'country-dj'  },
        { name: 'Abkhazian',       code: 'ab', flag: 'country-ge'  },
        { name: 'Afrikaans',       code: 'af', flag: 'country-za'  },
        { name: 'Akan',            code: 'ak', flag: 'country-gh'  },
        { name: 'Amharic',         code: 'am', flag: 'country-et'  },
        { name: 'Arabic',          code: 'ar', flag: 'country-sa'  },
        { name: 'Assamese',        code: 'as', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Awadhi',          code: 'aw', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Aymara',          code: 'ay', flag: 'country-bo'  },
        { name: 'Azerbaijani',     code: 'az', flag: 'country-az'  },
        { name: 'Bhojpuri',        code: 'b1', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Maithili',        code: 'b2', flag: 'country-np'  },
        { name: 'Bashkir',         code: 'ba', flag: 'country-ru'  },
        { name: 'Belarussian',     code: 'be', flag: 'country-by'  },
        { name: 'Bulgarian',       code: 'bg', flag: 'country-bg'  },
        { name: 'Bihari',          code: 'bh', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Bislama',         code: 'bi', flag: 'country-vu'  },
        { name: 'Balochi',         code: 'bl', flag: 'country-pk'  },
        { name: 'Bengali',         code: 'bn', flag: 'country-bd'  },
        { name: 'Tibetan',         code: 'bo', flag: 'country-cn'  },
        { name: 'Breton',          code: 'br', flag: 'country-fr'  },
        { name: 'Catalan',         code: 'ca', flag: 'language-ca' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Cebuano',         code: 'cb', flag: 'country-ph'  },
        { name: 'Chechen',         code: 'ce', flag: 'language-ce' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Corsican',        code: 'co', flag: 'country-fr'  },
        { name: 'Czech',           code: 'cs', flag: 'country-cz'  },
        { name: 'Welsh',           code: 'cy', flag: 'language-cy' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Danish',          code: 'da', flag: 'country-dk'  },
        { name: 'German',          code: 'de', flag: 'country-de'  },
        { name: 'Dakhini',         code: 'dk', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Bhutani',         code: 'dz', flag: 'country-bt'  },
        { name: 'Greek',           code: 'el', flag: 'country-gr'  },
        { name: 'English',         code: 'en', flag: 'country-gb'  },
        { name: 'Esperanto',       code: 'eo', flag: 'language-eo' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Spanish',         code: 'es', flag: 'country-es'  },
        { name: 'Estonian',        code: 'et', flag: 'country-ee'  },
        { name: 'Basque',          code: 'eu', flag: 'language-eu' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Persian',         code: 'fa', flag: 'country-ir'  },
        { name: 'Finnish',         code: 'fi', flag: 'country-fi'  },
        { name: 'Fiji',            code: 'fj', flag: 'country-fj'  },
        { name: 'Faeroese',        code: 'fo', flag: 'country-fo'  },
        { name: 'French',          code: 'fr', flag: 'country-fr'  },
        { name: 'Frisian',         code: 'fy', flag: 'country-nl'  },
        { name: 'Irish',           code: 'ga', flag: 'country-ie'  },
        { name: 'Scottish Gaelic', code: 'gd', flag: 'language-gd' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Galician',        code: 'gl', flag: 'language-gl' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Guarani',         code: 'gn', flag: 'country-py'  },
        { name: 'Gujarati',        code: 'gu', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Hausa',           code: 'ha', flag: 'country-ne'  },
        { name: 'Hindi',           code: 'hi', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Croatian',        code: 'hr', flag: 'country-hr'  },
        { name: 'Haitian Creole',  code: 'ht', flag: 'country-ht'  },
        { name: 'Hungarian',       code: 'hu', flag: 'country-hu'  },
        { name: 'Armenian',        code: 'hy', flag: 'country-am'  },
        { name: 'Interlingua',     code: 'ia', flag: 'language-ia' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Interlingue',     code: 'ie', flag: 'language-ie' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Inupiak',         code: 'ik', flag: 'language-ik' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Indonesian',      code: 'in', flag: 'country-id'  },
        { name: 'Icelandic',       code: 'is', flag: 'country-is'  },
        { name: 'Italian',         code: 'it', flag: 'country-it'  },
        { name: 'Hebrew',          code: 'iw', flag: 'country-il'  },
        { name: 'Japanese',        code: 'ja', flag: 'country-jp'  },
        { name: 'Yiddish',         code: 'ji', flag: 'language-ji' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Javanese',        code: 'jw', flag: 'country-id'  },
        { name: 'Georgian',        code: 'ka', flag: 'country-ge'  },
        { name: 'Kabyle',          code: 'kb', flag: 'country-dz'  },
        { name: 'Konkani',         code: 'ki', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Kazakh',          code: 'kk', flag: 'country-kz'  },
        { name: 'Greenlandic',     code: 'kl', flag: 'country-gl'  },
        { name: 'Khmer',           code: 'km', flag: 'country-kh'  },
        { name: 'Kannada',         code: 'kn', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Korean',          code: 'ko', flag: 'country-kr'  },
        { name: 'Kashmiri',        code: 'ks', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Kurdish',         code: 'ku', flag: 'country-iq'  },
        { name: 'Kirghiz',         code: 'ky', flag: 'country-kg'  },
        { name: 'Latin',           code: 'la', flag: 'country-va'  },
        { name: 'Luxembourgish',   code: 'lb', flag: 'country-lu'  },
        { name: 'Lombard',         code: 'lm', flag: 'country-it'  },
        { name: 'Lingala',         code: 'ln', flag: 'country-cg'  },
        { name: 'Laothian',        code: 'lo', flag: 'country-la'  },
        { name: 'Lithuanian',      code: 'lt', flag: 'country-lt'  },
        { name: 'Latvian',         code: 'lv', flag: 'country-lv'  },
        { name: 'Malagasy',        code: 'mg', flag: 'country-mg'  },
        { name: 'Maori',           code: 'mi', flag: 'country-nz'  },
        { name: 'Macedonian',      code: 'mk', flag: 'country-mk'  },
        { name: 'Malayalam',       code: 'ml', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Mongolian',       code: 'mn', flag: 'country-mn'  },
        { name: 'Moldavian',       code: 'mo', flag: 'country-md'  },
        { name: 'Marathi',         code: 'mr', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Malay',           code: 'ms', flag: 'country-my'  },
        { name: 'Maltese',         code: 'mt', flag: 'country-mt'  },
        { name: 'Makhuwa',         code: 'mu', flag: 'country-mz'  },
        { name: 'Marwari',         code: 'mw', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Burmese',         code: 'my', flag: 'country-mm'  },
        { name: 'Nauru',           code: 'na', flag: 'country-nr'  },
        { name: 'Nepali',          code: 'ne', flag: 'country-np'  },
        { name: 'Dutch',           code: 'nl', flag: 'country-nl'  },
        { name: 'Norwegian',       code: 'no', flag: 'country-no'  },
        { name: 'Occitan',         code: 'oc', flag: 'country-fr'  },
        { name: 'Oromo',           code: 'om', flag: 'country-et'  },
        { name: 'Oriya',           code: 'or', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Punjabi',         code: 'pa', flag: 'country-pk'  },
        { name: 'Polish',          code: 'pl', flag: 'country-pl'  },
        { name: 'Pashto',          code: 'ps', flag: 'country-af'  },
        { name: 'Portuguese',      code: 'pt', flag: 'country-pt'  },
        { name: 'Quechua',         code: 'qu', flag: 'country-pe'  },
        { name: 'Rifian',          code: 'ri', flag: 'country-ma'  },
        { name: 'Rhaeto-Romance',  code: 'rm', flag: 'country-ch'  },
        { name: 'Kirundi',         code: 'rn', flag: 'country-bi'  },
        { name: 'Romanian',        code: 'ro', flag: 'country-ro'  },
        { name: 'Russian',         code: 'ru', flag: 'country-ru'  },
        { name: 'Kinyarwanda',     code: 'rw', flag: 'country-rw'  },
        { name: 'Sanskrit',        code: 'sa', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Sindhi',          code: 'sd', flag: 'country-pk'  },
        { name: 'Sangro',          code: 'sg', flag: 'country-cf'  },
        { name: 'Serbo-Croatian',  code: 'sh', flag: 'country-rs'  },
        { name: 'Sinhalese',       code: 'si', flag: 'country-lk'  },
        { name: 'Slovak',          code: 'sk', flag: 'country-sk'  },
        { name: 'Slovenian',       code: 'sl', flag: 'country-si'  },
        { name: 'Samoan',          code: 'sm', flag: 'country-ws'  },
        { name: 'Shona',           code: 'sn', flag: 'country-zw'  },
        { name: 'Somali',          code: 'so', flag: 'country-so'  },
        { name: 'Albanian',        code: 'sq', flag: 'country-al'  },
        { name: 'Serbian',         code: 'sr', flag: 'country-rs'  },
        { name: 'Siswati',         code: 'ss', flag: 'country-sz'  },
        { name: 'Sesotho',         code: 'st', flag: 'country-ls'  },
        { name: 'Sundanese',       code: 'su', flag: 'country-id'  },
        { name: 'Swedish',         code: 'sv', flag: 'country-se'  },
        { name: 'Swahili',         code: 'sw', flag: 'country-ke'  },
        { name: 'Tamil',           code: 'ta', flag: 'country-lk'  },
        { name: 'Telugu',          code: 'te', flag: 'country-in'  },
        { name: 'Tajik',           code: 'tg', flag: 'country-tj'  },
        { name: 'Thai',            code: 'th', flag: 'country-th'  },
        { name: 'Tigrinya',        code: 'ti', flag: 'country-er'  },
        { name: 'Turkmen',         code: 'tk', flag: 'country-tm'  },
        { name: 'Tagalog',         code: 'tl', flag: 'country-ph'  },
        { name: 'Tuareg',          code: 'tm', flag: 'language-tm' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Setswana',        code: 'tn', flag: 'country-bw'  },
        { name: 'Tonga',           code: 'to', flag: 'country-to'  },
        { name: 'Turkish',         code: 'tr', flag: 'country-tr'  },
        { name: 'Tsonga',          code: 'ts', flag: 'country-za'  },
        { name: 'Tatar',           code: 'tt', flag: 'country-ru'  },
        { name: 'Twi',             code: 'tw', flag: 'country-gh'  },
        { name: 'Tamazight',       code: 'tz', flag: 'language-tz' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Uyghur',          code: 'ug', flag: 'country-cn'  },
        { name: 'Ukrainian',       code: 'uk', flag: 'country-ua'  },
        { name: 'Urdu',            code: 'ur', flag: 'country-pk'  },
        { name: 'Uzbek',           code: 'uz', flag: 'country-uz'  },
        { name: 'Vietnamese',      code: 'vi', flag: 'country-vn'  },
        { name: 'Volapuk',         code: 'vo', flag: 'language-vo' }, // language without country flag
        { name: 'Wolof',           code: 'wo', flag: 'country-sn'  },
        { name: 'Xhosa',           code: 'xh', flag: 'country-za'  },
        { name: 'Yoruba',          code: 'yo', flag: 'country-ng'  },
        { name: 'Chinese',         code: 'zh', flag: 'country-cn'  },
        { name: 'Zulu',            code: 'zu', flag: 'country-za'  }
    ];

	var codes = {};

	for (var i = 0; i < list.length; ++i) {
		var entry = list[i];
		codes[entry.code] = entry;
	}
	
	// public methods
	
	this.getList= function() {
		return list;
	};

	this.getEntry = function(code) {
		return codes[code] || null;
	};
};

// Example usage:

var pl = Languages.getEntry('pl');
var en = Languages.getEntry('en');
var ja = Languages.getEntry('ja');

console.log(pl.name); // Polish
console.log(en.name); // English
console.log(ja.name); // Japanese

See also

  1. JavaScript - list of ISO 3166 country codes

References

  1. https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Nominatim/Country_Codes
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