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# JavaScript - Math.min() method example

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The `Math.min()` function returns the smallest number from given numbers.

``````// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;
var min = Math.min(2, 5);
console.log(min); // 2

console.log( Math.min(1) ); // 1
console.log( Math.min(1, 2) ); // 1
console.log( Math.min(1, 2, 3) ); // 1
console.log( Math.min(3, 25, -6, 0) ); // -6

console.log( Math.min(-5, -2, -7) ); // -7
console.log( Math.min(2, 1, NaN) ); // NaN
console.log( Math.min() ); // -Infinity``````

`Math.min()`Â function usage with an array in ES5 and ES6 example:

``````// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

var array = [7, 10, 5, 8];

// In ES5
console.log(Math.min.apply(Math, array)); // 5

// In ES6 - Spread Operator (...) has  been introduced
console.log(Math.min(...array)); // 5
console.log(Math.min(100, ...array, 120, ...[151, 152])); // 5``````

## 1. Documentation

 Syntax `Math.min(number1, number2, ...numbers)` Parameters `number1, number2, ...numbers`Â - integer or float number values (primitive values). Result MinimalÂ `number` value (primitive value). It returns `Infinity` if no argumentsÂ are passed. It returns `NaN` if at least one of the provided values is not a number. Description `min`Â is a static method that takes several arguments and returns the smallest value.

## 2. Getting min value from arrayÂ examples

### 2.1. With `Array``reduce` method example

This approach uses `reduce` method to find the minimum value inside an array. By making small modifications ofÂ `Math.min(a, b)`Â instruction we are able to find minimal value inside properties ofÂ `a`Â andÂ `b`Â variables.

``````// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

var array = [1, 2, 3];

var result = array.reduce(function(a, b) {
return Math.min(a, b);
});

console.log(result); // 1``````

### 2.2. Recurrent min methodÂ example

This approach uses recurrence to find the minimum valueÂ inside the array or nested arrays.

``````// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

function findMin() {
function checkEntry(entry) {
if (entry instanceof Array) {
return findMin.apply(null, entry);
}
return entry;
}
if (arguments.length > 0) {
var result = checkEntry(arguments[0]);
for (var i = 1; i < arguments.length; ++i) {
var value = checkEntry(arguments[i]);
if (value < result) {
result = value;
}
}
return result;
}
return NaN;
}

console.log(findMin(1, 2, 3, [4, 5, 6],[7, 8, [9, 10]])); // 1``````

## References

1. Maxima and minima - Wikipedia

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