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JavaScript - Math.exp() method example

12 points
Created by:
Marcin
15680

Math.exp() is static method that takes only one parameter and return exponential function value in the range 0 (exclusive) to +Infinity.

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;
console.log( Math.exp(      -100 ) ); // 3.720075976020836e-44
console.log( Math.exp(        -1 ) ); // 0.36787944117144233
console.log( Math.exp(         0 ) ); // 1
console.log( Math.exp(         1 ) ); // 2.718281828459045
console.log( Math.exp(       100 ) ); // 2.6881171418161356e+43

console.log( Math.exp( -Infinity ) ); // 0
console.log( Math.exp( +Infinity ) ); // Infinity
console.log( Math.exp(       NaN ) ); // NaN

1. Documentation

SyntaxMath.exp(number)
Parametersnumber - integer or float number value (primitive value).
Result

Exponental function value of a number in the range 0 (exclusive) to +Infinity (primitive value).

If value can not be calculated NaN is returned.

Description

Math.exp() is static method that takes only one parameter and return exponential function value.

2. Reversed console plot example

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

var x1 = -4; // begining of sine chart
var x2 = +2.8; // end of sine chart

var y1 = -1.0;
var y2 = +10.0;

var xSteps = 25;
var ySteps = 60;

var dx = (x2 - x1) / xSteps; // x axis step
var dy = (y2 - y1) / ySteps; // y axis step

function printLine(y1, y2, character) {
	var line = '';
  
  	for(var y = y1; y < y2; y += dy) {
    	line += ' ';
    }
  
    console.log(line + character);
}

for (var rad = x1; rad < x2; rad += dx) {
  	var y = Math.exp(rad);
  
  	if (y <= y1 || y >= y2) {
        console.log(' ');
    } else {
    	printLine(y1, y, '+');
    }
}

3. Canvas plot example

// ONLINE-RUNNER:browser;

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
  <style> #canvas { border: 1px solid black; } </style>
</head>
<body>
  <canvas id="canvas" width="200" height="300"></canvas>
  <script>
    
    var canvas = document.querySelector('#canvas');
    var context = canvas.getContext('2d');

    // exponential function chart range
    var x1 =  -0.1;
    var x2 =  +5.0;
    var y1 =  -0.1;
    var y2 = +10.0;

    var dx = 0.1;

    var xRange = x2 - x1;
    var yRange = y2 - y1;
    
    var yScale = 0.1;

    function calculatePoint(x) {
      var y = Math.exp(x) * yScale;

      // chart will be reversed horizontaly because of reversed canvas pixels

      var nx = (x - x1) / xRange;       // normalized x
      var ny = 1.0 - (y - y1) / yRange; // normalized y
      
      var point = {
        x: nx * canvas.width,
        y: ny * canvas.height
      };

      return point;
    }

    console.log('x range: <' + x1 + '; ' + x2 + '>');
    console.log('y range: <' + y1 + '; ' + y2 + '>');

    var point = calculatePoint(x1);
    
    context.beginPath();
    context.moveTo(point.x, point.y);

    for (var x = x1 + dx; x < x2; x += dx) {
      point = calculatePoint(x);
      context.lineTo(point.x, point.y);
    }

    point = calculatePoint(x2);
    context.lineTo(point.x, point.y);
    context.stroke();

  </script>
</body>
</html>

References

  1. Exponential function - wikipedia

JavaScript - Math (EN)

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