Java - how to get new line character for given platform eg Windows, Linux or MacOS - platform dependent?

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1. Overview:

In java it is possible to get platform dependent new line character in couple of ways:

  1. System.lineSeparator()
  2. System.getProperty("line.separator")
  3. String.format("%n")

2. New line character on most popular operating systems

Operating System Name New line character
Windows \r\n
Linux / Unix \n
MacOS \n

3. Java code example

public class Example {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String newLine1 = System.lineSeparator();
        String newLine2 = System.getProperty("line.separator");
        String newLine3 = String.format("%n");


When running on Windows:

Screenshot with 3 x ways in java how to get new line character - windows new character \r\n in intellij IDEA debugging session -
Intellij IDEA debugging session - Windows new line \r\n


  1. Newline - wiki

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