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C#/.NET - thread pool

10 points
Created by:
Marcin
2471

Sometimes it is necessary to create a lot of threads in short time. When task is small, the time of thread creating and destroying could take more time than task execution. To solve this problem ThreadPool class is useful. It manages of thread pool and brings threads ready to execute tasks. After task executed puts thread back to pool for next tasks to save resources speeding up all.

1. ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem method example

using System;
using System.Threading;

namespace Test
{
	public class Program
	{
		static void Main(string[] args)
		{
			int tasksCount = 5;
			int iterationsCount = 5;

			WaitCallback callback = (object state) =>
			{
				int taskId = (int)state;

				for (int i = 0; i < iterationsCount; ++i)
				{
					int iterationId = i + 1;

					Console.WriteLine("Task " + taskId + "/" + tasksCount 
						+ ": Iteration " + iterationId + "/" + iterationsCount);
				}
			};

			for (int i = 0; i < tasksCount; ++i)
			{
				int taskId = i + 1;

				ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(callback, taskId);
				//ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(myTask.Execute, taskId);
				//ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(new WaitCallback(myTask.Execute), taskId);
			}

			Thread.Sleep(1000);
		}
	}
}

Output:

Task 3/5: Iteration 1/5
Task 1/5: Iteration 1/5
Task 1/5: Iteration 2/5
Task 1/5: Iteration 3/5
Task 1/5: Iteration 4/5
Task 1/5: Iteration 5/5
Task 4/5: Iteration 1/5
Task 4/5: Iteration 2/5
Task 4/5: Iteration 3/5
Task 4/5: Iteration 4/5
Task 4/5: Iteration 5/5
Task 2/5: Iteration 1/5
Task 2/5: Iteration 2/5
Task 2/5: Iteration 3/5
Task 2/5: Iteration 4/5
Task 3/5: Iteration 2/5
Task 5/5: Iteration 1/5
Task 5/5: Iteration 2/5
Task 5/5: Iteration 3/5
Task 5/5: Iteration 4/5
Task 5/5: Iteration 5/5
Task 2/5: Iteration 5/5
Task 3/5: Iteration 3/5
Task 3/5: Iteration 4/5
Task 3/5: Iteration 5/5
Note: Code has been run with 4 cores CPU.

2. See also

  1. C#/.NET - max and min number of threads in thread pool

3. Resources

  1. ThreadPool Class - Microsoft Docs
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