EN

# Python - if statement

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In this article, we would like to show you __if statement__ example in __Python__.

Quick solution:

```
x = -1
if x > 0:
print("x > 0")
elif x == 0:
print("x = 0")
else:
print("x < 0")
```

## 1. If

In this example, we create a simple `if`

statement that checks if the number we specified is greater than `0`

.

```
x = 1
if x > 0:
print("x > 0")
```

Output:

`x > 0`

## 2. Elif

In this example, we add `elif`

keyword that checks the __next condition__ if the previous conditions were not true.

```
x = 0
if x > 0:
print("x > 0")
elif x <= 0:
print("x <= 0")
```

Output:

`x <= 0`

## 3. Else

In this example, we add the `else`

condition that catches __anything__ which isn't caught by the previous conditions

```
x = -1
if x > 0:
print("x > 0")
elif x == 0:
print("x = 0")
else:
print("x < 0")
```

Output:

`x < 0`

## 4. Operators

You can use operators such as `and`

& `or`

to combine conditions inside `if`

statement.

`and`

operator

```
x = 1
y = 2
if x > 0 and y > 0:
print("Both x and y are positive numbers.")
```

Output:

`Both x and y are positive numbers.`

`or`

operator

```
x = 1
y = -5
if x < 0 or y < 0:
print("One of the numbers is negative.")
```

Output:

`One of the numbers is negative.`