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Node.js - PostgreSQL AVG()

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Created by:
Brian-Tompset
491

In this article, we would like to show you how to use SQL AVG()Β functionΒ in Node.js.

Note:Β at the end of this article you can find database preparation SQL queries.

Example 1

const { Client } = require('pg');

const client = new Client({
    host: '127.0.0.1',
    user: 'postgres',
    database: 'database_name',
    password: 'password',
    port: 5432,
});

const execute = async (query) => {
    try {
        await client.connect();                     // gets connection
        const { rows } = await client.query(query); // sends query
        console.log(rows);
    } catch (error) {
        console.error(error.stack);
    } finally {
        await client.end();                         // closes connection
    }
};

execute('SELECT AVG("salary") FROM "users"');
users table
users table

Output:Β 

[ { 'AVG(`salary`)': 3631.25 } ]

Example 2

const { Client } = require('pg');

const client = new Client({
    host: '127.0.0.1',
    user: 'postgres',
    database: 'dirask',
    password: 'password',
    port: 5432,
});

const execute = async (query) => {
    try {
        await client.connect();                     // gets connection
        const { rows } = await client.query(query); // sends queries
        console.table(rows);
    } catch (error) {
        console.error(error.stack);
    } finally {
        await client.end();                         // closes connection
    }
};

const text = `SELECT * FROM "users" 
              WHERE "salary" < (SELECT AVG("salary") FROM "users")`;

execute(text);

Output:

β”Œβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”¬β”€β”€β”€β”€β”¬β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”¬β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”¬β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”¬β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”
β”‚ (index) β”‚ id β”‚   name   β”‚  surname   β”‚ department_id β”‚  salary   β”‚
β”œβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”Όβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”Όβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”Όβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”Όβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”Όβ”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€
β”‚    0    β”‚ 1  β”‚  'John'  β”‚ 'Stewart'  β”‚       1       β”‚ '3512.00' β”‚
β”‚    1    β”‚ 2  β”‚ 'Chris'  β”‚  'Brown'   β”‚       2       β”‚ '1344.00' β”‚
β”‚    2    β”‚ 6  β”‚ 'Simon'  β”‚ 'Collins'  β”‚       4       β”‚ '3320.00' β”‚
β”‚    3    β”‚ 7  β”‚ 'Taylor' β”‚  'Martin'  β”‚       2       β”‚ '1500.00' β”‚
β”‚    4    β”‚ 8  β”‚ 'Andrew' β”‚ 'Thompson' β”‚     null      β”‚ '2100.00' β”‚
β””β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”΄β”€β”€β”€β”€β”΄β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”΄β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”΄β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”΄β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”€β”˜

Database preparation

create_tables.sqlΒ file:

CREATE TABLE "users" (
	"id" SERIAL,
	"name" VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	"surname" VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
	"department_id" INTEGER,
    "salary" DECIMAL(15,2) NOT NULL,
	PRIMARY KEY ("id")
);

insert_data.sqlΒ file:

INSERT INTO "users"
	( "name", "surname", "department_id", "salary")
VALUES
	('John', 'Stewart', 1, '3512.00'),
	('Chris', 'Brown', 2, '1344.00'),
	('Kate', 'Lewis', 3, '6574.00'),
	('Ailisa', 'Gomez', NULL, '6500.00'),
	('Gwendolyn', 'James', 2, '4200.00'),
	('Simon', 'Collins', 4, '3320.00'),
	('Taylor', 'Martin', 2, '1500.00'),
	('Andrew', 'Thompson', NULL, '2100.00');

Alternative titles

  1. Node.js - PostgreSQL AVG() with async/await
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